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Authorship and Origin:Job is probably the oldest book in the Bible. The literary form of Job is similar to documents which go back to the first part of the 2nd millennium B.C.. In the dialogue section of the book, can be found some of the most difficult and archaic Hebrew in the Bible. Even the name Job is known to be an ancient name. Along with failure to mention covenants or the Law, Job probably lived in the time of the patriarchs, that is around 2100B.C. until 1700 B.C..
Overview and Significant sectionsThe book of Job raises an age-old and yet frequently asked question today, of "Why do the righteous suffer?". Job provides a unique and often mis-understood answer. The message of Job is vital to us today as we try to do right, and yet find that despite best efforts, sometimes problems and suffering follow. Job appears to be a non-Israelite, and while his knowledge of God is incomplete, he certainly knew enough to have a faith relationship with Him, and to live a moral life. Job viewed God as personal and at the same time, transcendant. God is beyond nature, and yet master of the world He made. God who created mankind, also permits freedom of choice, and thus makes men morally responsible.
- Satan's test 1:1-2:10
- Discussions with friends. 2:11-31:40
- Elihu's discussion with Job 32:1-37:24
- The Lord Speaks! 38:1-41:34
- Job restored. 42:1-42:19
For more detailed study:
Read Chapter 1. (the entire book is available starting here.)
The Concise Matthew Henry Commentary on this book.
bible.org introduction of this book.
the World Wide Study Bible has Dictionary, Commentary, Scripture and sermons available on this book.